Assessment of Modified Trans-umbilical Port Placement in Laparoscopy

  • Kamana KC Department of Gynecology and Obstrectics, MIDAT Hospital, Lagankhel
  • Manish Shrestha Department of General Surgery, MIDAT Hospital, Lagankhel


Background: Primary port placement is a critical step in any laparoscopic procedure. Although the safety and efficacy of open versus closed technique has been much debated, no particular technique is considered as the best. Therefore, over the period of time different methods have been developed and applied in order to perform laparoscopy procedures, Midat hospital has been using a version of modified trans-umbilical open technique for primary port entry from 2 decades and this study is being carried out to evaluate the technique.
Methods: Retrospective review was conducted. The patients who underwent laparoscopy surgery by modified trans-umbilical port placement at Midat hospital from June 2019- April 2020 were included in this study.
Results: A total of 100 cases were studied. Cholelithiasis was the main indication of surgery. The mean time recorded to establish pneumoperitoneum was 3.4±1.3 minutes. The rate of umbilical swab culture growth was 1%, pre-peritoneal port placements was 2%. Post-operative primary port site infection rate was 4%. No intra-abdominal injury was noted during the entry of primary port and there was no port site hematoma or recorded hernia over the period of one year.
Conclusion: This technique of modified trans-umbilical primary port placement is one of the safest, fastest and easiest techniques to enter the peritoneal cavity.
Keywords: Laparoscopy, trans-umbilical primary port, open technique.

How to Cite
KCK., & ShresthaM. (2022). Assessment of Modified Trans-umbilical Port Placement in Laparoscopy. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, 20(01), 173-179.