Suicidal Ideation Among Medical and Nursing Students

  • Alok Atreya Department of Forensic Medicine, Lumbini Medical College, Palpa, Nepal
  • Samata Nepal Department of Community Medicine, Lumbini Medical College, Palpa, Nepal
  • Ritesh G Menezes Forensic Medicine Division, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • Anu Marhatta Department of Community Medicine, Lumbini Medical College, Palpa, Nepal
  • Sristi Ghimire Lumbini Medical College, Palpa, Nepal
  • Palak Shah Department of Internal Medicine and Psychiatry, Sumeru Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal


Background: Suicidal ideation is a major predictor of suicide attempts. The present study was conducted to compare the prevalence of suicidal ideation and its risk factors among medical and nursing students in Nepal.
Methods: An online survey was carried out among a cohort of medical and nursing students of Lumbini Medical College using questions derived from General Health Questionnaire-28 and Patient Health Questionnaire-9.
Results:153 medical and 148 nursing students participated in the study. Lifetime suicidal ideation was present in 20.6%(n=62) medical and 13.95%(n=42) nursing students. Suicidal ideation in the last one year was present in 48 medical and 36 nursing students. There were higher odds of suicidal ideation in medical students who had parental neglect, psychiatric disorder, physical and sexual abuse, substance abuse, and academic performance dissatisfaction (p<0.05), whereas the odds were higher in nursing students with psychiatric disorder, parental demands, alcohol consumption, and academic performance dissatisfaction but was not statistically significant. Thematic analysis of the responses for open-ended question for reasons for previous suicide plans or attempts among four medical and eight nursing students revealed relationship issues, history of adverse childhood experiences, academics-related circumstances, and other individual problems as suicide antecedents.
Conclusions: Periodic motivational speeches and counselling sessions during all the semesters of professional schooling would help decrease suicidal ideation. Mental health awareness programs for medical and nursing students should be aimed at reducing mental illness-associated stigma and promoting timely professional help-seeking behavior.
Keywords: Medical students; Nepal; nursing students; suicidal ideation

How to Cite
AtreyaA., NepalS., MenezesR. G., MarhattaA., GhimireS., & ShahP. (2023). Suicidal Ideation Among Medical and Nursing Students. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, 20(4), 852-858.
Original Article